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桂林西北郊光明山峰丛坡地土壤210Pb与226Ra分布与迁移规律研究
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引用本文:唐伟,蓝高勇,殷建军,杨会,吴夏.桂林西北郊光明山峰丛坡地土壤210Pb与226Ra分布与迁移规律研究[J].中国岩溶,2021,40(5):860-867. TANG Wei,LAN Gaoyong,YIN Jianjun,YANG Hui,WU Xia.Distribution and migration of 210Pb and 226Ra in soil in of peak-cluster hillside of Guangming mountain, Guilin[J].Carsologica Sinica,2021,40(5):860-867.
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唐伟 中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所/自然资源部、广西岩溶动力学重点实验室 
蓝高勇 中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所/自然资源部、广西岩溶动力学重点实验室 
殷建军 中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所/自然资源部、广西岩溶动力学重点实验室 
杨会 中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所/自然资源部、广西岩溶动力学重点实验室 
吴夏 中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所/自然资源部、广西岩溶动力学重点实验室 
基金项目:广西自然科学基金项目(2017GXNSFBA198197);广西重大科技创新基地建设项目(2018-242-Z01);中国地质科学院基本科研业务费项目(2020006);广西自然科学基金项目(2020GXNSFAA159066)
中文摘要:利用单一210Pb技术来估算岩溶区土壤侵蚀、水土流失和泥沙来源等还存在一定问题。岩溶区土层厚度不一,难以准确地确定支持性210Pb放射比活度是制约该方法应用的一大关键问题。文章选取桂林西北郊光明山岩溶峰丛坡地的4个土壤剖面,测试了土壤剖面210Pb与226Ra放射性比活度,探讨其分布规律及影响因素,初步确定土壤中支持性210Pb放射性比活度。测试结果表明4个土壤剖面中210Pb垂向分布服从指数衰变规律, 226Ra放射性比活度随土壤深度增加基本不变。光明山峰丛山坡土壤中约95%的210Pbex主要聚集在0~10 cm深度处,地表20~30 cm以下基本为支持性210Pb。土壤中支持性210Pb放射性比活度约为56.60±11.97 Bq·kg-1,与226Ra放射性比活度值64.93±8.83 Bq·kg-1在误差范围内一致。进一步研究发现,土壤剖面中210Pb受研究区大气干湿沉降、植被覆盖类型、地形条件、土壤特性(特别是有机质)的影响。此外,研究区土壤剖面226Ra的差异主要与土壤特性和植被类型有关。
中文关键词:岩溶土壤  支持210Pb  226Ra  峰丛坡地  广西桂林
 
Distribution and migration of 210Pb and 226Ra in soil in of peak-cluster hillside of Guangming mountain, Guilin
Abstract:There are still certain problems as to single 210Pb technology used to estimate soil erosion, water and soil loss and sediment source,etc. of karst region. Due to different soil thicknesses, the difficulty in accurately determining the supported 210Pb specific radioactivity is a key problem of this method. To solve this problem,four soil profiles of this study were selected on the hillside of karst peak-cluster. The distribution of 210Pb and 226Ra in the soil profile was analyzed; the specific radioactivity of supported 210Pb was preliminarily determined; and the influencing factors of the distribution of 210Pb and 226Ra were discussed . The results demonstrate that the vertical distribution of 210Pb in the four soil profiles shows exponential decay. The specific radioactivity of 226Ra keeps stable with the distribution of soil depth, but its mean value varies greatly among different soil profiles. About 95% of 210Pbex in soil of the hillside of Guangming mountain mainly concentrates at a depth of 0-10 cm. Below 20-30 cm from the surface is mainly supported 210Pb. The specific radioactivity of supported 210Pb in soil is about 56.60±11.97 Bq·kg-1, consistent with the value of 226Ra 64.93±8.83 Bq·kg-1 within the error range. The further study shows that 210Pb in the soil profile is affected by atmospheric deposition, vegetation cover type, topographic conditions, and soil characteristics (especially those of organic matter in the study area). In addition, the fluctuation of 226Ra in the soil profile is mainly affected by soil characteristics and vegetation types.
keywords:karst soil,supported 210Pb,226Ra,peak-cluster,Guilin
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